Thus, the speed of a DC motor can control in three ways: By varying the flux, and by varying the current through field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and the armature resistance.
What determines the speed of a DC motor?
DC Motor Speeds
The number of wire turns in an armature, the operating voltage of the motor, and the strength of the magnets all affect motor speed. If a DC motor is running on a 12 V battery, that is the maximum voltage available to the unit and the motor will only be able to perform at a speed rated for 12 V.
How do you vary the speed of a motor?
AC motors are constant speed devices but their speed can vary if you change the input voltage or frequency or the windings that make the motor rotate. The most common and efficient way of changing the speed is to vary the frequency by using an inverter as the power supply.
How can we increase the RPM of motor?
Increasing the speed can be achieved by increasing the supply frequency as the speed and frequency are directly proportional; however, there are two constraints. The first is the saturation of the magnetic circuit, but this issue can be significantly avoided by keeping the V/f ratio constant.
How do you control the speed of a DC shunt motor?
In the shunt motor, speed can be controlled by connecting a variable resistor Rc in series with the shunt field winding. In the diagram below resistor, Rc is called the shunt field regulator. Figure: (a) Speed control of a D.C. shunt motor by variation of field flux.
How can we change the speed of a DC motor using PWM?
If such a signal is fed to a DC motor, we can change the speed of the motor by changing the duty cycle of the PWM signal. The change in pulse width is created by increasing the on-time (HIGH value) of the pulse while reducing the off-time (LOW value) by the same amount so that the frequency of the signal is constant.
How do you control the speed of a brushless DC motor?
Speed of a brushless dc motor can be controlled by controlling the input dc voltage / current. The higher the voltage more is the speed. Many different control algorithms have been used to provide control of BLDC motors. The motor voltage is controlled using a power transistor operating as a linear voltage regulator.
How can you increase the efficiency of a DC motor?
To achieve maximum motor efficiency, experts from the Department of Energy (DOE) Industrial Technologies Program, Washington, D.C., recommend the following:
- Eliminate voltage unbalance.
- Replace V-belts with cogged or synchronous belt drives.
- Avoid nuisance tripping.
- Maintain motor shaft alignment.
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How do you increase the speed of a 12 volt motor?
You increase the speed by increasing the frequency. If a motor base speed is 60 Hz, raising the frequency to 120 Hz will double the speed of the motor.